I went to see Hungary’s second largest town last weekend because one of my Polish friends came here with Erasmus for a semester. It was a lovely trip for us and now I’m here to give you some tips of what to visit.
Debrecen, or as it was used to be called, the ‘calvinist Rome’ lies in the northeastern part of the country. It became the capital for a while in 1849 during the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-1849. The dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared by Lajos Kossuth on the steps of the Great Church that is now the main attraction of Debrecen. Although the town suffered a lot during the world wars and in 1956, there is no sign of it these days. Annually the famous flower carnival takes place on the streets.
The Great Church
Built in Gothic style already in the 12th century the church has a long and interesting history. It used to be a Catholic church and has burned down in 1564. After the reformation it became Prostestant. The upper circle can be visited that gives a nice view of the city.
The founder of the museum, Frigyes Déri was a very successful textile merchant who collected art pieces. It has a Japanese, an Egyptian, a weapon, an archeological collection and an art gallery with the Munkácsy trilogy as well. For me this was the best attraction, because it is a very demanding and neat collection.
Statue of Lajos Kossuth
The statue is situated next to the Great Church and it commemorates the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty. Simply beautiful.
Statue of Lőrinc Szabó
It is next to the Great Church as well and immortalizes the Hungarian poet.
1956 memorial statue
The statue commemorates the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 that Debrecen has been a part of.
Debrecen mosaic crest
The legs of the lamb has been placed on the Old and the New Testament and on the top of it, the phoenix represents the rejuvenation of the town after everything that affected it throughout history.
Other places to visit in Debrecen as well:
University building with Great Forest Park
Museum of the Reformed College
St. Anna Cathedral